HASS Requirements

Basic requirements

[Expository Writing]

GEDU 101 Expository Writing (3-0-2)
This composition course is designed to prepare students for college-level and professional writing and to help them acquire the strategies and techniques necessary for effective communication. Class meetings and activities are conducted in settings that encourage students' active participation to utilize the skills they acquire during class.

[English Certification Program]

GEDU 111 English I (3-0-2)
The first of the two Level 5 courses in the English Certification Program. The course is conducted in English only, and students practice their writing, listening and speaking skills. Writing activities focus on sentence-level structure and grammar. Students will also take part in an intensive reading program designed to improve all skill areas. The course is graded as Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.
GEDU 112 English II (3-0-2)
The second of the two Level 5 courses in the English Certification Program. The course is conducted in English only. Students practice their reading skills through both intensive and extensive reading activities. Speaking activities include both informal conversation and formal presentations. Building on sentence-level skills, writing activities begin to consider paragraph-level organization and structure. The course is graded as Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.
GEDU 116 English III (3-0-2)
The first of the two Level 4 courses in the English Certification Program. The course is conducted in English only. Students practice their reading skills through both intensive and extensive reading activities. Speaking activities include both informal conversation and formal presentations. Writing activities begin with paragraph-level organization and structure and conclude with basic short essays.
GEDU 117 English IV (3-0-2)
The second of the two Level 4 courses in the English Certification Program. The course is conducted in English only. Students practice their reading skills through both intensive and extensive reading activities. Speaking activities include both informal conversation and formal presentations. Writing activities develop the organization and structure for various types of essays.
GEDU 121 Intermediate English Conversation (3-0-2)
One of the four elective courses in Level 3 of the English Certification Program. This course aims to help students improve their confidence in using conversational English in a variety of situations. A great focus will be placed on everyday idioms and expressions and how they are used in context. The majority of class time is spent talking with classmates in small groups.
GEDU 122 Intermediate Audiovisual English (3-0-2)
One of the four elective courses in Level 3 of the English Certification Program. The course is designed to develop listening and speaking skills. A combination of visual and oral information from authentic sources, such as movies, situational comedies, commercials, and documentaries will be presented. Students learn useful and practical expressions and participate in discussions of related topics.
GEDU 123 Intermediate Speech (3-0-2)
One of the four elective courses in Level 3 of the English Certification Program. It is designed to improve confidence and fluency in public speaking. The course will help students develop oral presentation skills in English including pronunciation, articulation, diction, and delivery. Students gain an understanding of both basic communication principles and public speaking strategies and practice applying these principles to a variety of speaking assignment.
GEDU 124 Campus Everyday English (3-0-2)
One of the four elective courses in Level 3 of the English Certification Program. The course is offered every summer and provides a chance to practice common English expressions through live interactions with native English speaking students as peer instructors.
GEDU 131 Intermediate Writing (3-0-2)
One of the three elective courses in Level 2 of the English Certification Program focusing on writing practice. Students learn about sentence structures, paragraph composition, various expressions and how to develop their writings logically. Students utilize these skills to create clear, well-organized essays and research papers.
GEDU 132 Intermediate Reading (3-0-2)
One of the three elective courses in Level 2 of the English Certification Program. The course is designed to improve English proficiency by using extensive reading materials including literary works. Students also practice other language skills by writing response journals and participating in discussions.
GEDU 133 Grammar(3-0-2)
One of the three elective courses in Level 2 of the English Certification Program. It focuses on the application and correct use of English grammar. The course will help students acquire the knowledge of basic sentence structures and the skills to build complex sentences and short essays using the basic structures.
GEDU 136 Advanced English Conversation (3-0-2)
One of the three elective courses in Level 2 of the English Certification Program. It focuses on conversational skills. Using various reading materials, this course aims to refine oral proficiency by encouraging accurate and fluent speaking skills.
GEDU 137 Advanced Audiovisual English (3-0-2)
One of the three elective courses in Level 2 of the English Certification Program. It is designed to develop listening and speaking skills. A combination of visual and oral information from authentic sources, such as movies, situational comedies, commercials, and documentaries will be presented. Students learn useful and practical expressions and participate in discussions of related topics. The audiovisual materials used in this course are more advanced than the materials used in Intermediate Audiovisual English.
GEDU 138 Advanced Speech (3-0-2)
One of the three elective courses in Level 2 of the English Certification Program. It is designed to improve confidence and fluency in public speaking. The oral presentation skills required for international conferences will be primarily practiced along with the necessary linguistic aspects for academic discourse.
GEDU 141 Advanced Writing (3-0-2)
One of the three elective courses in Level 1 of the English Certification Program. It focuses on the research skills necessary to write compelling papers for a variety of situations. Additionally, the editing and revision process is explored as students complete four major assignments and numerous, small practice writings. Students also present their major papers to the class.
GEDU 142 Advanced Reading (3-0-2)
One of the three elective courses in Level 1 of the English Certification Program. Students improve their reading comprehension and writing skills by using extensive reading materials from various fields such as science, economics, education, religion, and culture. Students read various literary texts, discuss related topics, and write response journals. The reading materials used in this course are more advanced than the materials used in Intermediate Reading.
GEDU 143 Thesis (3-0-2)
One of the three elective courses in Level 1 of the English Certification Program. The course focuses on the major organizational principles and writing techniques involved in reporting technical information. Students practice the techniques by writing academic journal papers and giving oral presentations. Graduate students do not earn credits for taking this course.

[Physical Education]

GEDU 151 Physical Fitness (0-3-1)
This course evaluates the physical strength of each student and assigns them 16 week customized exercise programs for strength and health promotion. This course enables students to learn systematic ways of enhancing stamina and health through exercise and to improve their individual physical strengths.
GEDU 152 Kumdo (0-2-1)
This course provides students with practical instructions related to the basic skills and understanding of Kumdo as a traditional martial art for physical and mental discipline. It also enhances knowledge about the functional principles of Kumdo including how to control one’s mind, how to use the sword, and how to protect one’s body enabling students to continue practicing Kumdo in the future.
GEDU 153 Golf(0-2-1)
Golf is a sport which people can enjoy outdoors. Playing golf requires the ability to swing effectively and accurately, and demands a balance between the physiological and the psychological.
GEDU 154 Basket Ball (0-2-1)
Basketball is one of the most popular sports among young students. It requires lots of exercise, quickness, agility, and physical strength. In this course, students will acquire basic skills (including passing, dribbling, and shooting) and practice offense and defense techniques through practice games. Students will improve their overall basketball skills through regular games.
GEDU 155 Dance (0-2-1)
Dancing is an artistic indoor sport and a popular social activity for Western upper classes. This course enables students to easily understand and learn dancing and increase physical strength.
GEDU 156 Racket Ball (0-2-1)
Racquetball requires basic abilities such as agility, quickness, flexibility, and endurance. Using six sides of a handball court, racquetball games are played very quickly and improve one’s ability to make quick judgments. This course mainly concentrates on fundamental skills including forehand and backhand strokes.
GEDU 157 Badminton (0-2-1)
Playing badminton requires quick and agile movements, but the skills may be acquired in a relatively short period of time. This course teaches basic skills including footwork and overhand and underhand strokes, and badminton rules so that beginners can become skilled enough to enjoy a competitive game.
GEDU 158 Swimming (0-2-1)
Swimming is a whole-body exercise which can help develop balance in students’ bodies. Also it is one of the basic physical activities like walking, running, and jumping.
GEDU 159 Ski(0-2-1)
This course provides students with basic skiing skills including snow plough and stem turn and safety tips. This course is available only in winter sessions with an intensive 4-day training at a ski resort.
GEDU 160 Baseball (0-2-1)
Baseball is one of the most popular sports worldwide and a whole-body exercise. Because throwing, catching, hitting and running require agility, quickness and endurance, playing baseball strengthens a heart, lungs and muscles. Also, the ability to make quick decisions is necessary during games.
GEDU 161 Orienteering(0-2-1)
Orienteering is a sport which requires navigational skills using a map and a compass. Cultivating reasoning power, judgment and insight, the course is fun, nature friendly and appropriate to topographic characteristics of Korea with not high mountains and hills.
GEDU 162 Rowing (0-2-1)
Rowing is an aquatic sport of propelling a boat on water using oars. It requires muscular activities throughout a body, cardiopulmonary fitness and teamwork as important factors. Executed in natural environments such as a river or a lake, the course helps improve mental and physical health.
GEDU 163 Soccer (0-2-1)
Soccer requires players to handle a ball with their feet, head, or body (except for their hands and arms). Soccer is both an aerobic and anaerobic exercise because a player has to run fast, ease off, or run backward and sideward while playing a game. Also playing soccer can greatly improve a student’s psychological aspects because confidence, creativity, and quick judgments are necessary to cope with the drastic changes in a game.
GEDU 164 Table Tennis (0-2-1)
Table tennis is a popular sport which people of all ages can enjoy. Involving lots of physical exercise, it is relatively safe, easy to learn, enjoyable all-year-round.
GEDU 165 Tennis (0-2-1)
This course teaches the basic movements of tennis including grip, stance, step, back swing, and forward swing. Students acquire basic skills in forehand, backhand, and ground strokes, and services tailored to their individual abilities. The course also deals with game rules, strategies, and the etiquette of watching games so that students may enjoy playing or watching games in the future.

[Integrated HASS]

HASS 201 Art and Humanities(3-0-3)
This class is an interdisciplinary course that incorporates philosophy, history, and art. Understanding humanities and art will enhance creativity and capability of critical thinking. Collective instructors will propose a subject matter for each semester, and students are expected to participate in team projects and discussions.
HASS202 Crossing boundaries of Science and Society (3-0-3)
This course investigates various aspects of science and technology and social phenomena by way of methods from social sciences and science studies. The aim of this course is to explore the nature of modern science and technology, the relationship between science and society, problems with science in social and historical contexts in order to forster humanistic scientists and engineers. Furthermore, the course provides political, economic, sociological and psychological insights for understanding socio-cultural contexts of science and technology.

HASS Electives - Humanities



HUMN 311 Understanding of Literature (3-0-3)
The course provides students with the essential basic knowledge of literature. Students gain an understanding of literature from various perspectives by studying the concepts and functions of literature, the relations with other studies, the basic concepts of literary theories, the development of Korean literature, the world of Eastern and Western classics, and literature in movies and media.
HUMN 312 Understanding Popular Literature(3-0-3)
The course aims to teach students to have the proper view of popular literature. Its purposes include: 1) understanding the characteristics and role of general literature; 2) looking into the characteristics of popular literature; 3) studying the characteristics of popular literature's subgenres; 4) developing discernment for popular literature.
HUMN 313 Understanding Contemporary Korean Literature (3-0-3)
The course aims to cultivate an appreciation of many literary works, to recognize reality objectively through them and to communicate with the real world. Students are asked to read a lot of Korean contemporary novels and poems, to write book reports and to join discussions about the important issues in Korean contemporary literature.
HUMN 314 Understanding the World Literature (3-0-3)
The course helps students approach literature and culture in both the characteristic and universal aspects of the major pieces of world literature.
HUMN 315 Literature of Social Reflection (3-0-3)
This subject induces students to read diverse works of the world's distinguished authors, in which ethical issues are dealt with, and to discuss ethical dilemmas. After exploring critical issues such as class, race, gender and age in modern society, students will pursue not only an ethical understanding but also introspective attitudes toward human and society.
HUMN 411 Reading of Oriental Classics(3-0-3)
The course helps students to deeply appreciate the world of Eastern literature and to understand the significance of classics. It provides Eastern values increasingly requested in modern society pervaded with many problems such as greed, alienation, anomies, etc.
HUMN 412 Reading of Western Classics(3-0-3)
The course helps students to deeply appreciate the world of Western literature and to understand the historical value and realistic significance of those works. Reading and discussing Western classics will provide creative and imaginative thinking methods for students.
HUMN 413 Literature and Mass Culture(3-0-3)
The course aims to survey and examine the cultural significance of the masses and the relation with literature in modern society. Helping students to understand mass-cultural phenomena closely related to the new trends of literature, this course enhances insights to the relation of literature, human and society.
HUMN 414 Feminism Literature(3-0-3)
The course helps students to understand the theories and the practices of feminism, and consider how masculinity, femininity and the identity of sexual minorities have been constructed and represented in each period of times, society and culture. To this end, this subject induces them to read and appreciate its related literary works which represent the East and West, and each period. Furthermore, students can understand modern society and have critical thinking from a feminist perspective.
HUMN 415 Culture Content and Storytelling(3-0-3)
The course helps students to understand the characteristics and effects of cultural content delivered by the mass media and the significance of storytelling developed in our society. It also encourages them to create cultural content using storytelling in groups. In this class students will appreciate the cultural characteristics of our society.
HUMN 419 Special Topics in Literature (3-0-3)
Specific topics in the field of literature will be chosen and discussed systematically and in depth.


HUMN 321 Logic and Critical Thinking (3-0-3)
The main goal of the course is to improve critical and logical reasoning skills. Students will see how our ordinary intuitions on good or bad reasoning can be articulated explicitly in formal systems, and gain a new ability to evaluate arguments and reasoning they encounter every day with rigorous logical concepts and tools.
HUMN 322 Classics in Eastern and Western Philosophy(3-0-3)
The course aims to explore various ways of understanding the world and enhance ability to think reflectively and critically by reading and discussing classics in Eastern and/or Western philosophy. The main works of Eastern philosophy include those of ancient Chinese thoughts, Hinduism, Buddhism, etc. For Western philosophy, we discuss the works of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, Kant, and so forth.
HUMN 323 Great Debates in Philosophy (3-0-3)
The course introduces philosophy by investigating important historical and current issues in philosophy in the form of a debate. The questions include theism vs. atheism, free will vs. determinism, skepticism vs. problems of knowledge, realism vs. antirealism, moral relativism vs. objectivism, debates on justice and other ethical issues.
HUMN 324 Knowledge and Reality(3-0-3)
The course deals with key epistemological questions such as ‘What is the nature of knowledge?’ ‘What conditions presuppose the acquisition of knowledge?’ and ‘What distinguishes knowledge from mere belief?’ and also with metaphysical questions like ‘Exactly what exist?’ ‘What am I?’ ‘What is the world like?’, ‘Does God exist?’, ‘What is truth?’, etc.
HUMN 325 Philosophical Understanding of Contemporary Society(3-0-3)
Through a philosophical reflection the course examines the nature of human beings, the impacts of industrialization and capitalization on human lives such as alienation, the changes in ways of interacting with one another, which rapid technological advances and globalization bring, and the prospect of social changes and future progress.
HUMN 326 Business Ethics(3-0-3)
The purpose of this course is to reason on the role of ethics in business administration in a complex, dynamic, global environment. The course explores the social and ethical challenges facing contemporary organizations and develops the knowledge and skills necessary to manage these challenges effectively. Throughout the course, students will be encouraged to think deeply about the nature of business, the responsibilities of the management, and how business and ethics can be put together. The emphasis is on enhancing personal moral insight, developing individual and organizational strategies for dealing with social and ethical problems, critically evaluating relevant tools, and managing for global corporate responsibility.
HUMN 421 Philosophy of Mind(3-0-3)
The course aims to analyze problems concerning the nature of mind and mental phenomena such as the relation between mind and body, the nature of the self and personal identity, free will, action and behavior, thinking machines, knowledge of other minds, etc.
HUMN 422 Applied Ethics(3-0-3)
Normative ethics investigates what is good/evil, right/wrong, justice/injustice in individuals and in our relationships to people and all other things. In this course students learn how to apply various fundamental theories in normative ethics to various practical and real ethical problems. The main topics are bio/medical ethics, information ethics, animal and environmental ethics, business ethics, theories of social and economic justice, etc.
HUMN 423 Culture and Philosophy(3-0-3)
The course deals with such topics as the notion of culture, its structure, the logic of its changes, theoretical analyses of important cultural phenomena, its role in the life of an individual and in a society/state, and the relations among science, technology, arts and religion.
HUMN 424 Political Philosophy(3-0-3)
The course deals with such topics as liberty, equality, justice, property, rights, law and politics: what they are; why they are needed; what makes a government legitimate; what rights and freedoms it should protect and why; what form it should take and why; what the law is; and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government.
HUMN 429 Special Topics in Philosophy (3-0-3)
The course aims for an intensive investigation of selected issues, major figures, or historical periods in philosophy. It involves extensive writing and supervised research.


HUMN 331 The World History of 20th Century (3-0-3)
The course examines the major issues in the 20th century such as imperialism, nationalism, fascism, anti-fascism, the Cold War, the decline of socialism, the third world countries and revolutions, and the rise of neoliberalism and civil society from diverse perspectives and stances.
HUMN 332 Culture History of East Asia (3-0-3)
Students will investigate the similarities and characteristics of Asian customs and cultures by way of how they were exchanged before the modern era.
HUMN 333 Western Culture History (3-0-3)
The course covers the following three cultures considered fundamental to Western civilization to understand how Western society is different from Eastern society. Hellenism was a people-oriented culture in the Mediterranean period. Hebraism was Jewish culture spanning from the late Roman Empire to the Middle Ages. Germanism laid the foundation for feudalism, a new social system.
HUMN 334 Traditional Society and Culture of Korea (3-0-3)
This course deals with the lives of pre-modern Koreans in terms of social and cultural history so that students can understand Korean historical traditions and think about progressive ways to learn from them.
HUMN 335 Understanding of World Civilization (3-0-3)
Human history is closely linked to the rise and fall of civilizations built in the intersection between time and space. In this regard, this course aims to review the meaning and foundations of the emergence of world civilizations, and the process of their rise and fall. Furthermore, it analyzes the formation process, ruling and management systems of empires including the four ancient civilizations. At the end, the methods for managing modern civilization will be sought from humanistic perspectives.
HUMN 431 Understanding Modern History of Korea (3-0-3)
Following the open-door policy adopted in 1876, Korean history could be summarized into two major events. One is the establishment of an independent nation-state and the other is the overcoming of the division of Korea. From a critical and reflective point of view, the course examines the efforts to address these national issues and the problems caused in the process.
HUMN 432 Understanding Modern History of China (3-0-3)
The course studies the directions of the modern nation-state that China has been seeking to establish by exploring the failure and recovery in the course of China's modern revolution.
HUMN 433 Understanding Modern History of Europe (3-0-3)
The changeover from a feudal society to a modern one resulted from civil revolutions brought about by the growth of the bourgeoisie. This class covers the elimination of feudal vestiges by the Glorious Revolution in the 17th century and the American Revolution and the French Revolution in the 18th century. It also deals with the backgrounds of the international conflicts and wars caused by the imperialistic international order in the 19-20th centuries.
HUMN 434 American History (3-0-3)
The course investigates American history in terms of politics, economy, society and culture to understand comprehensively the status and influence of American history on the world's history and to think about future perspectives.
HUMN 435 History of Japan (3-0-3)
The course covers the characteristics of modern Japanese society by viewing the Meiji Restoration and the US occupation policies in Japan after the Second World War to understand Japan of the 21st century.
HUMN 436 History of Korea Enterprise (3-0-3)
This course explores the history of Korean enterprises that have greatly contributed to economic and political developments in Korea. Students study historically verified cases of Korean entrepreneurs’ challenges and successes by looking into four different periods of Korean history: the late years of the Joseon dynasty (17th century to early 19th century), the port-opening period (late 19th century), the Japanese Colonial period (early 20th century), and post-Liberation (late 19th century).
HUMN 439 Special Topics in History (3-0-3)
The course offers some topics in history not restricted to only Eastern or Western history. Experts in each field will be invited to give special lectures or joint lectures.

[Science Technology Studies]

HUMN 341 History of Science (3-0-3)
The course introduces the history of science from ancient times to the present. The course provides an overview of the Greek natural philosophy, scientific thought in the Middle Ages, and the Scientific Revolution and its effect on the emergence of modern science. It also briefly covers the history of physics, chemistry, and biology.
HUMN 342 Philosophy of Science (3-0-3)
The course seeks to answer three sets of separate but closely related questions: (1) In what respects is science distinguished from other human intellectual activities and pseudo-science?; (2) What does science aim to do? Does science provide the correct understanding and explanation of the true nature of the world?; (3) In what sense and to what degree can we say that scientific knowledge is objective?
HUMN 343 Science Technology Studies (3-0-3)
The course presents the social aspects of science and technology covering the history and philosophy of science, the sociology of scientific institutions, post-colonial studies, anthropology, and feminism. Students explore theories and methods in science and technology studies.
HUMN 344 Modern society and Science (3-0-3)
The course examines the developments of modern science in diverse cultural contexts spanning the nineteenth century to the present centering on Europe and the United States.
HUMN 345 Art and Science (3-0-3)
The course explores the relationship between science and art. Art historians, artists, historians of science, and scientists participate in the lectures on wide-ranging topics of science, art and technology.
HUMN 441 Policy for Science and Technology (3-0-3)
The course examines the politics and policymaking for science and technology in the world.
HUMN 442 Science Communication (3-0-3)
The course examines the nature of science communication. It includes various features of science in newspapers, magazines, TV programs and films.
HUMN 443 History of Science and Technology in Korea (3-0-3)
The course explores the history of science, technology, and medicine in Korea from ancient times to the present.
HUMN 444 History of Science and Technology in East Asia (3-0-3)
The course covers East Asia's science, technology, and medicine from ancient times to the present. It includes issues in disciplines such as astronomy, mathematics, alchemy, medicine, and technology.
HUMN 449 Special Topics in Science Technology Studies (3-0-3)
The course deals with current issues such as bioethics, science and women, etc. in the history of science through special lectures.

HASS Electives-Social Sciences

Social Sciences

[Political Science]

SOSC 311 Understanding Modern Politics (3-0-3)
What is the meaning of politics in modern society? This course analyzes political events in modern society and looks into the characteristics of modern politics. Also it deals with the fundamental concepts and issues in modern politics such as modern political ideas, the forms of practices, the political systems of major countries, comparative politics, political processes, and international relations.
SOSC 312 Understanding International Politics (3-0-3)
The course presents the fundamental concepts of modern international politics including boundary issues between nations, international disputes, wars, international cooperation and conflicts in order to discuss its present state. The course also covers major changes in international relations and their main motives such as the appearance of imperialism, the outbreak of the World Wars, the Americanization of the world, the formation of multi-cultural societies, and the new world order.
SOSC 419 Special Topics in Politics (3-0-3)
This course selects major political issues such as the politics of the Cold War and post-Cold War, globalization and nationalism as topics for systematic in-depth discussions to identify appropriate solutions.


SOSC 321 Principles of Economics (3-0-3)
The course provides an overview of fundamental economic issues. It introduces basic concepts in microeconomics, macroeconomics and their applications. Topics include supply and demand, market equilibrium, efficiency, externalities, imperfect competition, national income, unemployment, inflation, monetary and fiscal policies, and economic growth.
SOSC 322 Microeconomics (3-0-3)
Microeconomics is the study of decision making and the interaction of economic agents against resource constraints. This course presents theories in microeconomics and their applications. Main topics include consumer theory, the theory of the firm, competitive equilibrium, imperfect competition, externalities, public goods, asymmetric information, and general equilibrium and welfare.
SOSC 323 Macroeconomics (3-0-3)
The course provides the basic concepts and tools for understanding macroeconomic variables such as national income, consumption, savings and investment, production, government budget, money, interest rate, inflation, unemployment, and growth. Using macroeconomic models, students will examine the effects of monetary and fiscal policies and international economic issues.
SOSC 324 Principles of Business Administration (3-0-3)
The course introduces the basic concepts and methodology necessary to understand business and management. Topics include management theory and practices, functional management (accounting, finance, production, marketing and human resources), and the major issues and trends of contemporary business.
SOSC325 Financial Management(3-0-3)
The course is an introduction to finance and thus provides a general survey of finance. The objective of the course is to help students to understand the basic concepts of finance and their applications. Main topics covered in this course include the valuation of bonds and stocks, investment decisions, portfolio management, the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), capital structures, and futures and options.
SOSC326 Organizational Behavior(3-0-3)
The course studies human behavior in organizations. Students will understand the basic concepts of organizational behavior, and the relationship of individual and group behavior to the organization, and acquire the ability to improve organizational relationships and performance. Topics include individual behavior, motivation, group behavior, communication, leadership, power, conflict and negotiation, organizational structures, and organizational cultures.
SOSC327 Strategic Management(3-0-3)
To succeed in competitive markets, a firm must develop its strategies to gain and sustain competitive advantages in the markets. This course introduces the basic concepts of strategic management and provides students with the broad perspectives of strategic management. Topics covered in this course include the goals of a firm, market structures and strategies, strategy implementation, product differentiation, vertical integration, corporate diversification, mergers and acquisitions, and international strategic management.
SOSC328 Econometrics(3-0-3)
Econometrics studies the methods of unifying empirical and theoretical approaches to economic problems. This course introduces simple regression models, multiple regression models, least square estimation, hypothesis tests, maximum likelihood estimation, GMM estimation, and the identification and estimation in simultaneous equations models.
SOSC329 Money and Banking(3-0-3)
The course helps students to understand the basic concepts of money and banking, and their applications to financial markets. Topics include money and financial systems, interest rates and the term structure, stock markets and Efficient Market Hypothesis, banking, central banking, banking regulations, money supply and demand, monetary policies, transmission mechanisms, and money and inflation.
SOSC421 Game Theory(3-0-3)
Game theory analyzes economic agents' choices of strategies and the equilibrium outcomes in game situations where they are strategically interdependent. Topics to be covered in this course include strategic-form games, extensive-form games, Nash equilibrium, subgame perfect equilibrium, repeated games, Bayesian games, sequential games, signaling games, reputation, and auction.
SOSC 422 Industrial Organization (3-0-3)
Industrial organization is an advanced course in microeconomics focusing on the theories of firms and markets. Based on game theory and the economics of information, the course analyzes firms' strategic actions and equilibrium outcomes in markets. Topics include price competition, quantity competition, advertising, price discrimination, collusion, vertical integration, and government regulations.
SOSC423 International Finance(3-0-3)
International finance is a field of international economics. This course introduces the basic concepts of international finance and their applications. Topics include the determination of exchange rates, currency derivatives and risk management, capital markets and corporate finance in an open economy, capital liberalization and international capital flows, foreign direct investments, international financial markets, and international financial systems.
SOSC424 Financial Economics(3-0-3)
In financial economics, we analyzes the valuation of securities and investors' decision-making on consumption and investment. Topics to be covered in this course include single-period financial models, state prices, risk-neutral prices, the fundamental theorem of asset pricing, pricing in incomplete markets, the Modigliani-Miller theorem, multi-period financial models, equivalent martingale measures, the term structure of interest rates, the pricing of financial derivatives, optimal consumption and investment, and the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM).
SOSC425 Introduction to Fixed Income Markets(3-0-3)
Fixed income markets play an important role in allocating assets in capital markets. This course introduces the basic concepts and functions of fixed income markets, and makes students learn the basic methods of valuing fixed income securities and their derivatives. Topics include fixed income markets, interest rates, central banks and fixed income markets, repo markets, government bond auctions, duration and convexity, yield curves and the term structure, credit risk and corporate debt, mortgages and mortgage-backed securities, inflation-linked debt, and fixed income derivatives.
SOSC426 Behavioral Economics(3-0-3)
Behavioral economics is a new branch of economics that incorporates insights from psychology into economics to explain economic phenomena. This is an introduction course to behavioral economics and provides a general survey of behavioral economics. The objective of the course is to help students to understand the basic concepts of behavioral economics and their applications. Main topics include expected utility, prospect theory, heuristics and biases, mental accounting, intertemporal choice, behavioral game theory, social preferences, and neuroeconomics.
SOSC427 Behavioral Finance(3-0-3)
The course is an introduction to behavioral finance. It helps students to understand the basic concepts of behavioral finance and their applications to financial markets. Topics include a review of standard finance, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH), limits to arbitrage, prospect theory, ambiguity aversion, the Equity Premium Puzzle (EPP), the Closed-end Funds Puzzle, investor psychology and behavior, behavioral corporate finance, bubbles, and hedge funds.
SOSC 429 Special Topics in Economics (3-0-3)
In this course, the topics considered important in contemporary society are selected and discussed. The course may be taken as a complement to other economic courses.

[Social Sciences]

SOSC 331 Understanding modern society (3-0-3)
Due to urbanization, industrialization, and information-oriented transition, modern society is becoming increasingly complex. This course investigates the characteristics, social problems, cultures, and ideologies of modern society to give students basic perceptions for better understanding of complex modern society.
SOSC 332 Political Sociology (3-0-3)
The aim of the course is to introduce a variety of methodological approaches in order to help students to understand the political aspects of social phenomena. Political sociology also provides theories and empirical case studies to help understand power, political systems, political participation, public policy and civil society.
SOSC 333 Sociology of Science (3-0-3)
Science provides a great amount of benefits for human beings while causing negative impacts on society such as pollution, environmental deterioration, the proliferation of nuclear weapons, the alienation of human beings and global warming. This course examines the dual nature of science and technology by using the tools of sociology.
SOSC 334 Social Studies of Economics and Finance (3-0-3)
The aim of the course is to investigate the basic assumptions of various economic, financial and market related practices. The course offers political, sociological, cultural and anthropological approaches to economy. Economics has taken for granted a variety of concepts and economic factors which should be re-examined and reconceptualized as social, political and cultural concepts.
SOSC 431 Contemporary society and multiculturalism (3-0-3)
The course aims to understand the ways in which globalization works at the different levels of our social lives. Specifically, we will explore the concepts of cultures, nations, nationalism, citizenship, migration and diaspora which condition the modern phenomena of diversity. We then move on to critically examine the possibilities and limits of multiculturalism by way of discourse and practices.
SOSC 432 Anthropology (3-0-3)
The course helps students to understand humans as cultural beings and develop the capability to better understand themselves and the others around them. Students will discuss the cultural diversity of human beings and the general matters related to it while comparing various kinds of social-cultural systems in many different human communities. Also, this course seeks to develop insights into our own culture by understanding different cultures.
SOSC 433 Gender Studies (3-0-3)
The course examines how gender differences are closely related to individual identities, classes, family, work, love, marriage, etc. It also discusses how gender differences work as a fundamental element in society. Based on modern women's life and experience, and the relationships between men and women, the course presents the visions of a gender-equal society and helps to gain the 'feminist' imagination.
SOSC 439 Special Topics in Social Science (3-0-3)
In this course, important contemporary issues in social sciences are selected as topics followed by systematic in-depth discussions to find solutions.


SOSC 341 Psychology: Human mind, brain and behavior (3-0-3)
The course examines major issues and research findings in the field of modern psychology, the scientific study of human mind and behavior. Main topics include research methods in psychology, mind-brain-behavior relations, the states of consciousness, human development, learning and memory, social influences, psychological disorders and psychotherapy. This course also enables students to understand how the brain creates a complex human mind (mental life) and behavior.
SOSC 342 a modern society and Mental Health (3-0-3)
The course studies how psychological principles can help us cope with our lives' challenges in modern society. Topics include: stress and coping processes; interpersonal relations such as friendship, love, marriage and intimate relationships; personality and behavior; self-concept and self-esteem; mental and physical health.
SOSC 343 Social Psychology (3-0-3)
The course explores major issues and research findings in the field of social psychology, the study of how our mind and behavior are influenced by others. Major topics include: social influences, persuasion, and attitude changes; social interaction and group phenomena; altruism and aggression; stereotyping and prejudice; interpersonal attraction and close relationships; everyday social reasoning and judgment.
SOSC 344 Industrial and Organizational Psychology (3-0-3)
'Work' is very significant to humans, and thus, 'work and workplace' is an important area of research in psychology. As the scientific study of human behavior in the workplace, Industrial and Organizational (I-O) Psychology applies psychological theories and principles to organizations such as workplaces and organizational societies. This course explores the major areas of modern I-O psychology such as how to improve the performance, satisfaction, safety, and well-being of an organization's employees by hiring practices, training programs, feedbacks, and management systems. The course is expected to help cope with diverse challenging management situations with flexibility and creativity.
SOSC 441 Cognitive Psychology(3-0-3)
The course examines major issues and research findings in cognitive psychology, and the scientific study of human cognition (information processing). Major topics include the concepts of cognition such as information processing or computation, perception, attention, consciousness, memory, language, and thinking. The course also involves developing the conceptual tools for the nature of mind and its relationship to the brain and a computer. Furthermore, it explores how research findings in cognitive psychology are applied to human factors.
SOSC 442 Abnormal Psychology(3-0-3)
As an introduction to psychopathology, this course covers the definition, diagnostic classifications, etiology, and the treatment of mental disorders. Students study major mental disorders including schizophrenia as well as mood, anxiety, and personality disorders. The course explores theoretical and empirical approaches to the psychological, biological, and social (including cultural and historical) aspects of psychopathology.
SOSC 443 Psychology of Sleep(3-0-3)
The course examines the psychological study of sleep, a relatively new science. Major topics include: the scientific measurements and functions of sleep and a dream; the developmental aspects of sleep; sleep deprivation in modern society, cognitive/emotional/physical effects of insufficient sleep; sleep disorders and their treatments; the characteristics of healthy sleep.
SOSC 444 Cognitive Neuropsychology(3-0-3)
How do our brain create our mind? Specifically, how are mental processes related to neural activities? What are the methods used to answer the questions? This course explores these questions in the processes such as perception, attention, memory, language, emotion, and social cognition.
SOSC 449 Special Topics in Psychology(3-0-3)
An in-depth exploration of selected areas in the field of modern psychology.


SOSC 351 Mass Communication and modern society (3-0-3)
The course introduces the fundamental theoretical concepts and models of mass communication. It covers: various messages created by media industries; specific message patterns; message processing by media audience; message effects; media systems; the relationships with other society systems.
SOSC 352 Information Society and Emerging Media(3-0-3)
The course presents the roles of communication in social changes and the diffusion of innovations. It covers emerging communication technologies, the characteristics of technology adopters, and the ongoing convergence of various medium types such as smart devices, broadcasting, films and the internet.
SOSC353 Professional Communication(3-0-3)
The course deals with theories, skills and strategies that help students become effective communicators, particularly in business and professional contexts. Aware of a series of circumstances requiring professional communication, students will understand the dynamics of human communication, and make full use of skills and strategies that maximize effective message creation and presentation.
SOSC354 Interpersonal Communication(3-0-3)
The course explores the fundamental roles of communication that establishes and maintains human relationships. It covers the key research and theories of interpersonal communication that deal with how people initiate, maintain, and finally terminate human relationships.
SOSC355 Business Communication(3-0-3)
The course offers the diverse theoretical approaches and processes of communication in business contexts. Specifically, students learn theories, skills, and strategies to become effective communicators in official business organizations and professional settings. Th a series of conditions for effective communication in particular business contexts and understand the responsibilities, expectations, or dynamics of human/organizational communication. Consequently, they can adapt to specific business contexts, select and make full use of appropriate communication strategies.
SOSC451 Persuasion Strategy and Attitude Change(3-0-3)
The course introduces students to the field of persuasion. It examines the theories of persuasion, research on persuasive communication, and the formation of social and political attitudes. Topics include the dynamics of attitude changes, interpersonal persuasion, brainwashing, subliminal persuasion, and media information campaigns.
SOSC452 Communication in Multicultural Society(3-0-3)
The course analyses cultural differences in the ways of communication. It covers the cultural foundations of communication behaviors, such as various ethnicities and countries, an understanding of different cultures, adaptations to different cultures, and cultural differences in verbal and nonverbal messages. Students will be trained as global leaders who can develop effective intercultural communication strategies.
SOSC 459 Special Topics in Communication(3-0-3)
The roles of communication are important in forming public opinions in society, having mutual understanding and harmonious relationships among society members, and generating the future of communities. This course covers interpersonal and group communications, broadcasting, films, journalism or mass communication. Topics may vary per semester.


SOSC 361 The World of Law (3-0-3)
The course introduces students to the basic concepts and daily practice of law. Students are encouraged to think critically about whether these concepts and practices are commonsensical and rationally constructed. The course also presents various laws for scientists.
SOSC 461 Understanding Intellectual Property Right (3-0-3)
The course deals with patent laws, copyright laws, and case studies to learn how to handle legally experiments, research, and inventions conducted by scientists or engineers and how to protect their rights. Students study basic concepts including technology transfer agreements, patent problems and tax issues related to intellectual property rights, online crimes and e-commerce to build their abilities to understand specific cases and make proper assessments.
SOSC 469 Special Topics in Law(3-0-3)
The course covers fundamental issues of law and other legal issues faced by our society through systematic and in-depth discussions. Students can take a closer look into our actual society by understanding the spirit of the law.

HASS Electives - Arts



ARTS 311 Introduction to Contemporary Art(3-0-3)
Exploring the various fields of contemporary art, the course identifies their commonalities, differences and influences. By looking at classical humanities, such as social, political, cultural, historical and aesthetic studies, as well as the recent developments of science and technology, students will broaden their perspectives on contemporary society and culture.
ARTS 312 Understanding Art(3-0-3)
Aiming to build a vision for globalization, this introductory course is designed to better understand important works of art in the East and West. Through slide lectures and class discussions, students learn how to analyze the basic elements of art works. The course presents the basic characteristics of East Asian art and Western art for a better understanding of the wide variety of artistic expressions and aesthetic thoughts. By broadening background knowledge of art, students can appreciate their forms and content.
ARTS 313 Understanding Music(3-0-3)
The course deals with the basic factors of music, musical media, the structures and principles of musical composition, and the theories and practices for listening to music. It helps to understand the beauty of music, and develop creativity and a harmonious personality.
ARTS 314 Introduction to Theatre(3-0-3)
The course introduces the history of the Western and Korean theater, and the general elements such as dramaturgy, directing, stage designs, and acting for a general understanding of the art of theater.
ARTS 315 Understanding Architecture(3-0-3)
The course is designed to understand architecture from classical Western structures including Greek temples, Roman public facilities and monuments, Gothic Catholic churches, Renaissance architectures, and Baroque churches to modern city constructions. It also deals with architectural changes in Eastern temples, fortresses, houses, gardens and modern cities.
ARTS 316 Introduction to Film(3-0-3)
The course introduces the history, current development, future prospects of film, and film production technology. It will provide students with theories and practices for film appreciation.
ARTS 411 Art and Society(3-0-3)
The course explores major artistic trends and issues with each society’s cultural conditions and historical changes. Students will deepen an understanding of art’s influence on society.
ARTS 412 Art, Science, and Technology(3-0-3)
Art has interacted with the advances of science and technology of its own time. This course examines how scientific and technological developments are adopted by art and architecture, and how art works are influenced by the views and values of the world which have been constantly renewed by new scientific discoveries.
ARTS 413 Media Art(3-0-3)
Built upon the convergence of art and science, media art appeared in the 20th Century. Students study the history of media art as a crucial part of contemporary art. The course intends to equip students with aesthetic sensibility and theoretical knowledge for further discussions on its future prospects.
ARTS 414 Art and Entrepreneurs(3-0-3)
The course introduces art patrons of the Western world from the Middle ages to the present. Aiming to reevaluate both the material and immaterial values of art and culture, the course studies the patronage provided by historical entrepreneurs with significant footprints in art history.
ARTS 419 Special Topics in Music and Art Studies(3-0-3)
The course is designed to broaden an understanding of art by discussing specific themes of various artistic forms.

Free Electives

GEDU 181 Ethics of Research (3-0-2)
The course focuses on researchers' unethical behaviors caused by excessive competition for research funds and on manipulating research results against humanity and nature for the benefit of corporations and technical feasibility.
GEDU 182 Presentation and Debate (3-0-2)
The course intends to improve presentation and discussion skills in response to an increasing demand for communication skills in modern society. Students will develop their presentation skills to influence an audience in different situations and for various purposes, and their ability to persuade others to their point of view on academic issues or social problems and to criticize constructively. The course offers a number of practices and feedback sessions.
GEDU 184 Essay Writing (3-0-2)
Aiming to advance writing skills, the course deals with various types of writings. Students will acquire practical writing skills to express their ideas appropriately in ways specific to purposes, given conditions, and expected readers.
GEDU 185 Reading Discussion (3-0-2)
The course presents how to read a text for maximum learning and how to discuss diverse topics in the fields of humanities, social sciences, and science and technology. Students will enhance their capability of reading a text, making a summary and a presentation, discussing various topics and cooperating with others.
GEDU 186 Artistic Promenade (3-0-2)
The course understands the history, present states, and future prospects of various areas of art. Lectures are given by artists and practitioners from the schools of music, drama, film, dance, visual arts, and Korean traditional arts at Korea National University of Arts. In this course, students will learn theoretical knowledge about various areas of art and enjoy lectures filled with the experiences of invited speakers.
GEDU 187 Understanding the Arts (3-0-2)
The course is an intensive version of "Artistic Promenade", an academic exchange program. Aiming to understand the history, present states, and future prospects of art, the course offers the different types of participatory art practice. It presents theoretical knowledge and specific techniques in art practices and creation in a field-oriented approach. Lectures are given by distinguished artists and scholars renowned in their fields in Korea.
GEDU 191 Basic Japanese (3-0-2)
The course is an introduction to Japanese. Students learn the fundamental structures, grammar, vocabulary, everyday expressions of Japanese language through in-class learning activities such as reading, listening, writing, and speaking. In this course, students will attain an elementary level of proficiency in the three basic skills ‑ speaking, reading, and writing.
GEDU 192 Intermediary Japanese(3-0-2)
The course is an extension of Basic Japanese. Students learn structures, grammar and vocabulary for the practical use of Japanese through in-class learning activities such as reading, listening, writing and speaking. In this course, students will attain an advanced level of proficiency in the three skills ‑ speaking, reading, and writing.
GEDU 193 Basic Chinese(3-0-2)
The course compares the linguistic characteristics of Chinese with those of Korean for better understanding. Students learn the fundamental pronunciation and structures of Chinese.
GEDU 194 Intermediary Chinese (3-0-2)
The course is an extension of Basic Chinese. Students learn structures, grammar, and vocabulary for the practical use of Chinese through in-class learning activities such as reading, listening, writing, and speaking. In this course, students are encouraged to attain an advanced level of proficiency in the three skills ‑ speaking, reading, and writing.
GEDU 195 German (3-0-2)
The course provides fundamentals on the pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and everyday expressions of German through audio-visual aids.
GEDU 196 French (3-0-2)
The course provides fundamentals on the pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and everyday expressions of French through audio-visual aids.
GEDU 197 Spanish (3-0-2)
The course provides fundamentals on the pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and everyday expressions of Spanish through audio-visual aids.
GEDU 401 HSS Colloquium(3-0-2)
The course invites specialists in humanities and social sciences to provide profound insights and knowledge about the changes of contemporary society.
GEDU 409 Special Topics in HASS(3-0-2)
The course selects and discusses in depth special topics in literature, philosophy, history, science and technology, psychology, social sciences, political science and economics.